Boils : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Boils are infections occurring in the hair follicle or the oil glands. When the pores get clogged, the dirt and oil trapped inside become the breeding ground for bacteria. First, the skin turns red after which a tender lump develops in the area. After about a week, the infected area forms a bigger lump and starts accumulating pus inside it. Boils usually occur in areas such as buttocks, armpits, face, neck, shoulders and sometimes eyelids. The ones occurring in the eyelid are called sty or stye. If the boils occur in a cluster, the condition is known as a carbuncle.

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Genital Herpes HSV2 : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Genital Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Most of the cases are caused due to Herpes Simplex Virus 2 or HSV 2. Although the condition can get quite severe in some cases, this virus can also stay dormant for long periods of time or come out with very mild symptoms that they could easily get mistaken for allergies and insect bites.

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Birthmarks : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Birthmarks are pigmented spots on the skin that are present at the time of birth or occur shortly after birth. The pigmentation can occur in a number of different colors like tan, dark brown, purple, red, black, pink, white, pale and blue. It is not necessary for everyone to compulsorily have a birthmark. These colored spots can be flat or sometimes be raised slightly above the skin surface. In some cases, the pigments also extend to the tissues under the skin.

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Eczema : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Eczema is a condition in which the affected person experiences a dry, red and itchy area on the skin caused due to inflammation. Although it is most common in children, people of any age can get affected too. Eczema also goes by the name atopic dermatitis and the treatment can include anything from oral medications to steroid creams to light therapy depending on the severity of the condition.

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Acne and Blackheads : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Acne is a skin condition resulting in the formation of red spots and pimples, especially on the face, neck, shoulders, back, chest and upper arms. Blackheads are a mild form of acne and are not painful to touch. These are usually caused due to the clogged hair follicles filled with oil and dirt. Acne appears as little red bumps whereas blackheads have a dark surface and may not be protruded like acne.

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Athlete’s foot : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Athlete’s foot is the name given to an Ikin disease which usually affects the skin lying in and around the sole of the foot. It shows up as red and scaly eruption which can also gradually develop into fluid-filled small blisters. Despite the name, it can affect both the athletes as well as the non-athletes.

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Cellulitis : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Cellulitis is a painful skin condition caused due to bacterial infection. It first appears as a swollen, red area that feels hot and tender to touch and may rapidly spread to other parts of the body. Although the infection can occur anywhere in the body, it commonly appears in the lower legs. It affects the surface of the skin and the tissues lying immediately below. In more serious cases, cellulitis also spreads to the lymph nodes and bloodstream.

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Cysts : Causes, symptoms and treatments

Cysts are a closed sack like structure that can develop anywhere on or within the body. There are abnormal outgrowths and are usually filled with liquid, semi-solid or gaseous materials. Sometimes they can be microscopic and sometimes big enough to displace an organ. They appear as capsules and have their own distinct membranes, which are known as cyst walls. If these capsules get filled with pus, they are known as an abscess. Some cysts are harmless and are caused due to the blockage of body’s natural drainage in certain areas. However, other cysts are quite harmful, especially if they develop as tumors in the vital body organs, for e.g. keratocysts and dermoid cysts.

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