Cellulitis is a painful skin condition caused due to bacterial infection. It first appears as a swollen, red area that feels hot and tender to touch and may rapidly spread to other parts of the body. Although the infection can occur anywhere in the body, it commonly appears in the lower legs. It affects the surface of the skin and the tissues lying immediately below. In more serious cases, cellulitis also spreads to the lymph nodes and bloodstream.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused due to the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis.
Cysts are a closed sack like structure that can develop anywhere on or within the body. There are abnormal outgrowths and are usually filled with liquid, semi-solid or gaseous materials. Sometimes they can be microscopic and sometimes big enough to displace an organ. They appear as capsules and have their own distinct membranes, which are known as cyst walls. If these capsules get filled with pus, they are known as an abscess. Some cysts are harmless and are caused due to the blockage of body’s natural drainage in certain areas. However, other cysts are quite harmful, especially if they develop as tumors in the vital body organs, for e.g. keratocysts and dermoid cysts.
Balanitis is a condition in which the glans or the head of the penis gets inflamed due to some kind of infection or some other cause. It is not a very threatening condition. However, it can cause quite a lot of pain and discomfort. The symptoms are usually relieved through the application of topical medications alone. It usually occurs among the uncircumcised men.
Erythema is a skin inflammation on the fatty layer of the skin. On spreading of the legs, they give the skin a red appearance along with pain and tender lumps. The lumps could vary in size from one to five centimeters. They usually affect the front part of the legs. Erythema is a self-limited skin condition and even if no treatment is taken, it can clear off by itself within a period of 3 to 6 weeks. After healing, it may leave behind a bruised appearance over the area where the fatty layers had been destroyed. This, however, fades with time.
Dermatitis is a skin inflammation characterized by red, dry and itchy skin. If the condition gets severe, it could also lead to painful cracks, crusty scales, and fluid filled blisters. There are many types of dermatitis and the diagnosis is done based on the category of dermatitis affecting the skin. The symptoms, as well as the treatment of these different types of dermatitis, are fairly similar.
Cold sores are also known as fever blisters. Some people frequently get cold sores while others may not get them throughout their lifetime. When they do come out, they feel very itchy and painful. Cold sores are, however, a treatable condition.
Folliculitis is a condition in which the hair follicles get inflamed. This could develop in any part of the body that has hair, but is most common in the beard area, arms, buttocks, backs, and legs.
Boils are infections occurring in the hair follicle or the oil glands. When the pores get clogged, the dirt and oil trapped inside become the breeding ground for bacteria. First, the skin turns red after which a tender lump develops in the area. After about a week, the infected area forms a bigger lump and starts accumulating pus inside it. Boils usually occur in areas such as buttocks, armpits, face, neck, shoulders and sometimes eyelids. The ones occurring in the eyelid are called sty or stye. If the boils occur in a cluster, the condition is known as a carbuncle.
Genital Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. Most of the cases are caused due to Herpes Simplex Virus 2 or HSV 2. Although the condition can get quite severe in some cases, this virus can also stay dormant for long periods of time or come out with very mild symptoms that they could easily get mistaken for allergies and insect bites.