Birthmarks are pigmented spots on the skin that are present at the time of birth or occur shortly after birth. The pigmentation can occur in a number of different colors like tan, dark brown, purple, red, black, pink, white, pale and blue. It is not necessary for everyone to compulsorily have a birthmark. These colored spots can be flat or sometimes be raised slightly above the skin surface. In some cases, the pigments also extend to the tissues under the skin.
Boils are infections occurring in the hair follicle or the oil glands. When the pores get clogged, the dirt and oil trapped inside become the breeding ground for bacteria. First, the skin turns red after which a tender lump develops in the area. After about a week, the infected area forms a bigger lump and starts accumulating pus inside it. Boils usually occur in areas such as buttocks, armpits, face, neck, shoulders and sometimes eyelids. The ones occurring in the eyelid are called sty or stye. If the boils occur in a cluster, the condition is known as a carbuncle.
Cellulitis is a painful skin condition caused due to bacterial infection. It first appears as a swollen, red area that feels hot and tender to touch and may rapidly spread to other parts of the body. Although the infection can occur anywhere in the body, it commonly appears in the lower legs. It affects the surface of the skin and the tissues lying immediately below. In more serious cases, cellulitis also spreads to the lymph nodes and bloodstream.
Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease caused due to the bacteria Chlamydia Trachomatis.
Cold sores are also known as fever blisters. Some people frequently get cold sores while others may not get them throughout their lifetime. When they do come out, they feel very itchy and painful. Cold sores are, however, a treatable condition.
Cysts are a closed sack like structure that can develop anywhere on or within the body. There are abnormal outgrowths and are usually filled with liquid, semi-solid or gaseous materials. Sometimes they can be microscopic and sometimes big enough to displace an organ. They appear as capsules and have their own distinct membranes, which are known as cyst walls. If these capsules get filled with pus, they are known as an abscess. Some cysts are harmless and are caused due to the blockage of body’s natural drainage in certain areas. However, other cysts are quite harmful, especially if they develop as tumors in the vital body organs, for e.g. keratocysts and dermoid cysts.
Balanitis is a condition in which the glans or the head of the penis gets inflamed due to some kind of infection or some other cause. It is not a very threatening condition. However, it can cause quite a lot of pain and discomfort. The symptoms are usually relieved through the application of topical medications alone. It usually occurs among the uncircumcised men.
Dermatitis is a skin inflammation characterized by red, dry and itchy skin. If the condition gets severe, it could also lead to painful cracks, crusty scales, and fluid filled blisters. There are many types of dermatitis and the diagnosis is done based on the category of dermatitis affecting the skin. The symptoms, as well as the treatment of these different types of dermatitis, are fairly similar.
Eczema is a condition in which the affected person experiences a dry, red and itchy area on the skin caused due to inflammation. Although it is most common in children, people of any age can get affected too. Eczema also goes by the name atopic dermatitis and the treatment can include anything from oral medications to steroid creams to light therapy depending on the severity of the condition.
Erythema is a skin inflammation on the fatty layer of the skin. On spreading of the legs, they give the skin a red appearance along with pain and tender lumps. The lumps could vary in size from one to five centimeters. They usually affect the front part of the legs. Erythema is a self-limited skin condition and even if no treatment is taken, it can clear off by itself within a period of 3 to 6 weeks. After healing, it may leave behind a bruised appearance over the area where the fatty layers had been destroyed. This, however, fades with time.