The ills of pregnancy

Pregnancy comes with an armload of maladies. From the conception till the delivery, your body goes through a number of hormonal changes. This does not only influence physical changes but also the emotions. It is quite normal for pregnant women to go through moodiness and irritability. The ailments can, however, vary in intensity during different stages of pregnancy. Listed below are some of the most common ailments experienced by pregnant women.

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What form of contraception to choose for young women ?

Although there has been a huge decline in the rate of teen pregnancies, statistics show that there are almost 1700 births each week in the age group of 15 to 17 year olds. Therefore it is a long way to go. Efforts should be made in discussing the importance of protected sex and birth control with young girls. They should also have sufficient knowledge about the sexually transmitted diseases and safety measures.

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Sexuality during pregnancy

During pregnancy, the body goes through a lot of hormonal changes. This can affect everything from body shape, size, weight and even the mood of the expectant mother. When it comes to the sexual activity that a woman can have during the pregnancy period, it is important to consider the stage of pregnancy, if there is any blood clotting after the intercourse and most importantly, the way she feels about having. To avoid any complications during childbirth, it is best to stick to the doctor’s recommendation or at least wait till she gets thoroughly examined by the doctor.

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Medical follow-up of pregnancy

Any couple who is thinking of having a baby should first see a doctor ensure if they are in good health to do so. Although childbirth is a natural process and should be without any complication, certain disorders in the body could get severely alleviated if not checked on time. Then there comes the risk of passing some hereditary disorders from parent to the child. Therefore, before conceiving, the woman should start taking care of her health and building up her immunity so that the pregnancy affects neither her nor the child. It is advisable for women to start taking supplements containing folate well in advance as it reduces the chances of having an abnormal birth. Along with that, the prenatal period should be lined with constant and frequent medical follow-ups.

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What form of contraception to choose after pregnancy ?

Although doctors suggest not having sexual intercourses at least till the postpartum checkup, which is after 4 to 5 weeks of giving birth, it has been estimated that most women will already have resumed intercourses before that. After giving birth, women should allow their body to heal, but even then, it is always safer to have birth control plans well in advance. For women who have had children, there are a number of things like the vaginal width and the hormone levels that should be considered before opting for any particular birth control method. Given below are some of the methods that may be applicable to women with children

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The role of father during pregnancy

It may seem like the pregnancy is only a mother’s affair, but the truth is that it can be as equally challenging for the dad as it is for the mother. The physical aspects of the pregnancy are obviously relatable only to the mother, but there is also an emotional aspect to it and it is important for dads to be a part of it. Pregnancy as a whole should be an experience for both the father and the mother. Given below are some of the roles and responsibilities involving dads during the pregnancy period.

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How does my body work : Body during pregnancy

A pregnant woman goes through a number of physical changes, all of which are geared towards delivering a healthy child without harming the mother. Starting from the day of conception to the day of delivery, pregnancy lasts for 266 days or 38 weeks. This duration can be divided into three periods, each lasting three months and are known as the first, second and third trimesters respectively. Each trimester is accompanied by its own unique set of changes to the body. The earliest symptoms can be very subtle and may not be easily noticeable until weeks. However, some women have also talked about sensing pregnancy within hours of conception.

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Living well during pregnancy

When you are pregnant, you go through a lot of emotional and physical changes. There are major hormonal changes going on inside your body and it becomes extremely necessary to sketch out a plan for a healthy child delivery. The very first thing you should do is calculate the approximate time you have till delivery. This will give you an idea about the time you have in hand. You can then accordingly mould your daily exercise and food habits and start bracing up for the final act.

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The Hormonal Contraception

Hormonal contraceptive means the birth control measures which act on endocrine system of human being.  Hormonal contraceptive methods are very popular as well as effective birth control measures all over the world. A large number of populations all over the world have been using these methods of birth control in order to prevent pregnancy. However, there are different types of birth control methods. Hormonal contraception is one of them. In this method, hormones are used as medication to prevent ovulation. This method includes contraceptive pills, Depo Provera injections and Norplant.

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The different types of emergency contraception

Emergency contraception is used after a sexual intercourse in order to avoid unwanted pregnancies. There are different types of contraception which provide the results in different ways. They are discussed below in detail.

Barrier method

Barrier method refers to the use of physical barriers like condoms and cervical caps that directly prevent the sperms from entering the vagina. This method may be comparatively safer for the health as it does not disrupt the naturally occurring hormonal levels of the body. However, it does not guarantee 100 % against child birth control. In fact, if women are using vaginal caps, it is best to have them fitted by a doctor and refitted again from time to time to ensure that it stays secure.

There is also another method that does not involve hormonal changes hormonal changes throughout the body. This involves inserting copper rings that release estrogen and progestin into the vagina. This, however, may not exactly be an emergency contraception as it needs to have been inserted before having sex.

Pills

Pills are the most common form of emergency contraception. They can be bought from any medical store without having to produce any sort of prescription or age verification. There are however a few pills that strictly require doctor’s prescription. These pills have to be taken within a stipulated time period as recommended by the manufacturer. Most pills, for example, have to be taken within 72 hours of intercourse. The pills are effective when taken within this time period. However, if it is delayed, there is no guarantee that it will show 100% effectiveness.

There are two types of birth control pills, the ones that are to be taken on a daily basis and the ones that are to be taken only when an intercourse takes place. Both work by altering the hormonal balance of the body.

The pills that are taken on a daily basis will keep the eggs from leaving the ovary and they also tend to thicken the vaginal mucus so that the sperms are unable to sin their way into the uterus. It is best to consult the doctor before settling for any such medication so that there are no serious side effects in the aftermath. However, women taking the daily pills have reported of having had weight gains even though other side effects were not visible.

Shots

Estrogen and progestin shots are also very effective in preventing pregnancies. They work in the same way as the emergency pills. The shots can be taken both before and after the intercourse. Depending on the dosage, one shot can last for a couple of months. Shots are also best for those people who may not find it convenient to take a pill each day. For women who are breastfeeding a child, it is best to go for progestin-only shots as this will not affect the quality and quantity of the milk secreted. There are some shots that not only prevent pregnancy but also protect the body from endometrial cancer and iron deficiencies. However, there are a few downsides surrounding the use of shots, which include weight gain and irregular periods.