Miscarriage is when a baby dies in the womb within 20 weeks of pregnancy. Almost 10 % of the pregnancies end up in a miscarriage. However, this is only the recorded figure. It is very much possible for the rates to be higher as miscarriages can also occur well before the woman has even grown aware of the pregnancy. Miscarriages are most likely to happen during the first and the second trimester. The percentage of miscarriages in the first and second trimester is 10 to 15 % and 1 to 5 % respectively. By the third trimester, the fetus is fully formed and quite healthy. Therefore, the rate of miscarriage during this period almost drops down to zero.
Why does miscarriage happen?
There can be a number of reasons why miscarriages occur. Although many of the causes are known, there could still be some unknown factors leading to miscarriage. Some of the most prevalent reasons for miscarriages are discussed below.
Chromosomes are the information carriers in the human body. They are very tiny thread-like structures found in the cells and are responsible for carrying the DNA or the genes form the parent to the offspring. Each cell has 23 pairs of chromosomes. There are therefore 46 chromosomes in total. One from each pair comes from the father and the other one comes from the mother. More than half the miscarriages that take place are due to the chromosome defect. If either the sperm or the egg has an abnormal chromosome count, that is too many chromosomes or too fewer chromosomes, the chances of miscarriage increases.
Sometimes, the conception takes place and the fertilized eggs grow into a blastocyst while also attaching itself to the thickened uterus wall. However, after a certain point of time, the symptoms of pregnancy start to fade away and the pregnant woman may feel stagnant and experience a dark brown vaginal bleeding. This is also caused by the defects in the chromosome which in turn results in a blighted ovum.
After the pregnancy has been confirmed, the expectant mother should immediately quite all the negative habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol, using drugs or abusing prescription drugs, these are important to ensure a healthy development of the child as well as for the health of the mother. If the habit is not checked, there can be high chances of a miscarriage. It is said that even caffeine may cause miscarriages. However, caffeine is not a toxin but rather a stimulant. So it can keep you awake, depriving you of your sleep. Either way, it is best to limit the caffeine intake to around 200 milligrams a day.
To have a healthy pregnancy, it is best advisable for couples to consult a doctor and go for a thorough medical medal check up. This will determine whether the mother is fit enough and take the brunt of bearing a child. It is also best to inform the doctor about all the disorders and health conditions if you have any. This will allow him to make the best recommendations on how to take acre throughout the pre natal period. Consulting a doctor becomes even more mandatory if you have any of the following conditions.
- You suffer from a hormonal imbalance
- You frequently get or have infections
- You have a thyroid disorder. It could be hyperactive thyroid as well as hypoactive thyroid.
- You have autoimmune diseases.
How do you know if you have had a miscarriage?
If you get a miscarriage in the earliest phases of pregnancy, immediately after the blastocyst attaches itself to the uterus wall, the symptoms are going to be not very different from the monthly menstrual discharges. However, if the miscarriage takes place at the end of the first trimester or during the second trimester, the following symptoms may be noticed.
- Vaginal bleeding accompanied by blood clotting
- Severe cramps throughout the body
- Excruciating pain in the abdomen
These symptoms are also felt by women in the very early days of pregnancy when the conception has just taken place. However, if they reappear at a later stage, it could be a signal for something else. So contact your doctor as soon as possible and take tests to assess the health of your blood, this may include blood tests, pelvic exam and an ultrasound. The ultrasound will give you a clear image of the fetus inside the womb and see if everything is okay.
Recovering from a miscarriage
The time required to fully recover from a miscarriage depends on how long the pregnancy had taken place. Depending on that itself, the healing process can last from a few weeks to a few months. If it was a very early miscarriage the woman could possibly get her periods after 4 to 6 weeks.
Miscarriage is also a very emotional thing for the expectant mother. The guilt of losing a child can be overwhelming and you may get overcome by feelings of guilt, sadness, anger or loneliness all at the time. If you experience any such thing, make sure you do not isolate yourself. Instead, ask your close and reliable family members to stay by your side and be supportive. This is found to be really helpful as you have lost someone close to yourself and hiring the burden he a lot.
When is the best time to have another pregnancy?
Before you decide your next pregnancy, visit the doctor and enquire about your health. Although a woman is capable of breeding as soon as the periods fall back to normal, it is best to take a leave and allow the body to heal naturally for some time. Also, make it a point to carry out various medical tests to determine your health from time to time. Since having a miscarriage does not equate as not being reproductive, you have every possibility of getting pregnant as soon as you get back to your menstrual cycle.