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Rosacea : Causes, symptoms and treatments

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rosacea

Rosacea is a chronic skin condition that causes redness and visible blood vessels in the face. If the condition gets severe, these red bumps on the skin can also swell up and get filled with pus. The symptoms can keep on flaring up and diminishing until they are treated. If the condition is mild, they may also be mistaken for other conditions such as acne or allergic reactions.

Although rosacea can occur in anyone, it usually affects the fair skinned middle aged women. There are no permanent solutions for rosacea. However, with proper treatment and necessary changes in the lifestyle, they can be effectively reduced and controlled.

Causes

The exact causes of rosacea are unknown. It could have been caused due to a combination of factors like the gene type, diet, and environment. There are also a certain number of factors that trigger rosacea and increase blood flow to the affected area thus giving rise to aggravated conditions. This includes

  • Consumption of hot and spicy drinks
  • Increased intake of alcohol
  • Exposure to extremes of temperature
  • Constant exposure to sunlight and wind
  • Emotions
  • Exercise
  • Reaction due to cosmetics
  • Intake of blood vessel dilating drugs and blood pressure medications

Symptoms

Rosacea is accompanied by the following symptoms

  • Persistent redness in the face accompanied by tiny visible blood vessel on the cheek and nose
  • There is a swelling on the skin which sometimes contains pus. These swelling may resemble acne or pimples and feel hot to touch
  • In half the cases, rosacea is also accompanied by eye dryness, reddened eyelids, irritation, and swelling. Eye irritation could also be a preceding symptom to reddening of the facial skin.
  • The affected person can develop an enlarged nose along with skin thickening. This particular condition is known as rhinophyma and is more common in men than women.

Complications

If neglected for a long period of time without making any necessary changes to the diet, rosacea can lead to enlarged sebaceous glands both over the cheeks and the nose. There can also be a tissue buildup on and around the nose, making it enlarged. However, these complications develop very slowly over a period of years and can be easily avoided by taking preventive measure coupled with timely treatment.

Treatment

The symptoms of rosacea can vary considerably with each patient. Therefore, the treatment option should be selected based on the stage and severity of the condition. This includes both topical creams as well as oral medications. Doctors usually prescribe topical therapies to quickly bring the condition under control after which long term therapies and medications are suggested for a proper management of the condition. Some patients also prefer to have the visible blood vessels pulled out with the help of lasers and other surgical devices. There are a few medications with less risk of microbial resistance, formulated exclusively for rosacea. These are considered very safe for the long term use. Other than that, regular skin care routine compatible rosacea and suitable lifestyle management are also highly recommended.

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